Dietary habits and perceptions of oral health of children and adolescents in Cyprus PDF Εκτύπωση E-mail

V.H.Papavassiliou1, A. Andreou - Filimi1, D.Dimitriou-Papavassiliou2, P.Mavrikiou3, Α.Konstantopoulos 4

1.Developmental & Social Pediatrics Center -Nicosia-Cyrpus 2.1st Dept of Pediatrics Agia Sofia Children's Hospital Univsrsity of Athens, Greece 3. Frederick Research Institute-Nicosia-Cyprus, 4. University of Athens, Aglaia Kyriakou Chilren's Hospital, Greece

Objective:
To evaluate the changing dietary habits and oral health perceptions of Cypriot children and adolescents.

Material and Methods:
593 children in primary (52,9% female), 1673 secondary education, (57.2% female) and 63 children attending special education schools (65.5% male), age (6-17yrs). Parents and their children completed questionnaires regarding psychosocial developmental, daily dietary habits, oral health related and nutritional information.

Results:
Children living in urban areas show better compliance in dental hygiene. Dental check-ups are at least once a year (90%children, adolescents 82.5%). Poor dental/oral health family history was in reported in 39.1% children, 33.2% adolescents.

Regular Dental brushing (twice/day)

Rural

Urban

Children

33.5%

49.4%

Adolescents

36%

45.9%

Fruit intake is reduced from 87.1% in children to 77.5% in adolescents. There is an increase in processed animal protein consumption from 9.9% in children to 17.3% in adolescents and in sugared-drinks intake from 12.8% (children) to 34.2% (adolescents). Parents use olive-oil (64.7% children-62.6%-adolescents) for meals.

Mountain

Urban

Lunch

Dinner

Lunch

Dinner

Children

6.9%

39.7%

10.8%

29.9%

Adolescents

9.1%

35.1%

15.5%

28.0%

Food intake disorders

Parents perception

Self perception

Children

8.8%

-

Adolescents

12.9%

16.5%

Obesity
(Self-perception)

Total

Children

17.1%

Adolescents

35%

Parents of adolescents from urban areas reported 13.1% reduced food intake whereas rural residents 11.7%. Parents drink alcohol daily in 9.6% and 0.5% gives their children too, increasing to 2.7% (adolescents).

Conclusion:
Despite the high standard of living of Cypriot children and adolescents, improvements and relevant interventions can be applied so that they develop into healthy adults.